After Roe in Oklahoma, abortion is illegal after a fetal heartbeat may be detected. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-731.3. However, the Supreme Court of Oklahoma found a constitutional right to abortion, putting some of Oklahoma’s abortion bans at risk. Oklahoma Call for Reprod. Just. v. Drummond, 24, ¶ 16, 526 P.3d 1123 (Okla. 2023). Keep reading to find out more about your state’s post-Roe abortion laws.
THE BIG QUESTION
After Roe, does my state ban nearly all abortions or allow nearly all abortions?
Oklahoma bans abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected now that Roe is overturned. In 2022, the state legislature passed laws prohibiting abortion in all circumstances except to save the life of the mother in a medical emergency that have gone into effect now that Roe is overturned. 2022 OK. ALS 11, 2022 OK. Laws 11, 2022 OK. Ch. 11, 2021 OK. SB 612, SB 1555. However, the Supreme Court of Oklahoma found that law unconstitutional. Oklahoma Call for Reprod. Just. v. Drummond, 24, ¶ 16, 526 P.3d 1123 (Okla. 2023). Now, abortion is illegal after a fetal heartbeat can be detected. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-731.3.
MORE ABOUT YOUR STATE’S ABORTION LAWS
Below, we’ve summarized what abortion laws are in your state after Roe.
Abortion Limits, Exceptions and Enforcement
Limitations on abortions
If my state won’t ban all abortions, what are the limits to abortion?
Because Oklahoma has a law banning abortions after a detectable heartbeat, Oklahoma’s other, lesser limitations and regulations are not as necessary. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-731.3.
Exceptions to any limitations
Are there any exceptions to those limitations placed on abortion?
The heartbeat ban has an exception to save the mother’s life or to avert serious risk of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of the mother’s major bodily function. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-731.3.
The viability ban and the 20 week ban have exceptions for when abortion is necessary to save the mother’s life or to prevent impairment to her health. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-732; Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-745.5.
Penalties for performing an illegal abortion
What are the penalties to abortion providers for committing an illegal abortion (one of the forms of abortion that my state has limited under the law)?
Violations of the abortion bans are a felony. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-729.2.
When abortion laws are violated, who can file a lawsuit to enforce their rights and the law?
The mother, father, or the paternal grandparents (if the mother is a minor) may maintain an action against the person who performed or induced an abortion in knowing or reckless violation of the abortion bans. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-729.3.
Special standards of care
Does my state impose a special medical standard of care on abortion providers?
Protecting Fundamental Rights
Does my state give parents the right to consent for their child to get an abortion?
Written informed consent from one parent or judicial authorization are required; however, this state has a method where a minor can obtain permission from the courts to receive an abortion without parental notice or consent. This provision is mostly unnecessary in light of the heartbeat ban. 63 Okl. St. § 1-740.3; 63 Okl. St. § 1-740.2.
Does my state have conscience protections for medical professionals who do not want to participate in abortions?
Hospitals and individuals are not required to perform abortions in violation of their conscience. O.S. § 1-741.
Safety & Health of Women
Does an abortion have to be provided by a licensed physician in my state?
OOne must be a physician licensed to practice in the state in order to perform abortions. Violators are guilty of a felony punishable by 1-3 years imprisonment. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 1-731.
Does my state’s law require that a woman give informed consent and/or receive counseling prior to allowing an abortion to be performed?
Yes. Counseling on pregnancy and abortion is required; however, this provision is largely obsolete in light of the heartbeat ban. 63 Okl. St. § 1-738.2.
MAKING A MORE PROLIFE OKLAHOMA
Your state does not (yet!) have a state family policy council working on the issue of life at your state’s capitol. But the need to fight for life in your state is critical!
If you’re interested in helping start a state family policy council in Oklahoma, please contact us at: Mail@familypolicyalliance.com.
And, be sure to check out the good prolife work being done by our national allies as well and find a way to plug into the #AfterRoe movement!